Political map of Northern Africa 31 March 1905 (Tangier Crisis): In 1904 Britain and France signed the Entente Cordiale (Entente Cordiale)—a series of agreements that defined their respective spheres of influence, in particular recognizing British control of Egypt (History of Egypt under the British) and French primacy in Morocco (French protectorate of Morocco). In an attempt to undermine this understanding, the German Kaiser (Wilhelm II, German Emperor) decided to openly support the Sultan of Morocco against the French (First Moroccan Crisis), but, when most of the other powers sided with France, he was forced to back down. As a compromise solution, the Algeciras Conference was called, affirming both Moroccan independence and French influence in Morocco.