Political map of North America & the Caribbean 1 January 1959 (Cuban Revolution): In 1952, Colonel Fulgencio Batista seized power in Cuba, ending elections and aligning with wealthy landowners and foreign investors. Batista's corrupt regime provoked numerous revolts across the country, the most successful being under Fidel Castro in the south. Despite having relatively few followers, Castro held out against the demoralized Cuban army (Operation Verano), ultimately forcing Batista to resign and flee the capital (Cuban Revolution).