Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 11 February 244 (Battle of Misiche): In 243 Gordian III expelled the Persians from Roman territory (Battle of Resaena) and invaded Persia. However, early the following year the Persians routed the Romans at Misiche (Battle of Misiche) and Gordian was killed. His successor, Philip the Arab, was forced to sue for peace, paying an indemnity to Shah Shapur I and agreeing to end Roman support of Armenia (Arsacid dynasty of Armenia).