Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 17 October 1944 (Advance on the Rhine): With Paris liberated (Liberation of Paris), the Allies (Allies of World War II) pushed on into Belgium and towards the Rhine. In an attempt to win the War in 1944, they tried to invade Germany by seizing the Rhine bridges in the Netherlands but were repelled (Operation Market Garden). Even so, by the end of October, the Allies had crossed the German border and captured their first German city (Battle of Aachen). Meanwhile in the east, Soviet advances forced Romania (King Michael's Coup), Finland (Moscow Armistice), and Bulgaria to come to terms (Bulgarian coup d%27etat of 1944).