Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 08 November 1942 (El Alamein and Operation Torch): In November, the tide turned in the Western Desert Campaign when the British defeated Rommel's Afrika Korps at El Alamein (Second Battle of El Alamein). Just days later other Allied forces made surprise landings in French Morocco and Algeria (Operation Torch), soon persuading all of French North Africa to join them (Darlan deal).