Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 16 April 1941 (Germany in the Mediterranean): By April, Germany was ready to salvage the Italian position. In North Africa, German and Italian forces led by Rommel (Erwin Rommel) threw back the British in Libya. In the Balkans, Germany and its allies swiftly overran Yugoslavia (Invasion of Yugoslavia) and Greece (Battle of Greece). It was now Britain that was on the defensive in the Mediterranean.