Political map of Europe & the Mediterranean 10 January 1919 (January Revolt in Germany): Following the 1918 armistice with Germany (Armistice with Germany), American, Belgian, British, and French troops moved into the German Rhineland (Occupation of the Rhineland). Meanwhile the Workers' and Soldiers' Councils (German Revolution of 1918–19) that had arisen in the November Revolution had agreed to cooperate with the German government to form a Republic (Weimar Republic). This alienated the communist factions, who mounted unsuccessful revolts in Berlin (Spartacist uprising), Bremen (Soviet Republic of Bremen), and Munich (Bavarian Soviet Republic).