Political map of the Eastern Mediterranean 10 June 1967 (Six-Day War): During the 1960s tensions between Israel and its Arab neighbors continued to rise, fueled in large measure by Nasser’s anti-Israeli rhetoric and actions (Origins of the Six-Day War). In response to an Arab buildup on its borders, Israel struck first, defeating Egypt, Jordan, and Syria in just six days (Six-Day War) and seizing control of the Gaza Strip (Israeli occupation of the Gaza Strip), Sinai (Israeli conquest of Sinai), West Bank (Jordanian campaign (1967)), and Golan Heights (Golan Heights campaign (1967)).