Political map of Australia, New Zealand & the Southwest Pacific 30 August 1849 (Settlement of the South Island): Early colonial New Zealand (Colony of New Zealand) saw a number of clashes between settlers and Māori over dubious land deals (Wairau Affray). These issues were most easily resolved in the sparsely populated South Island, where the British Crown was able to cheaply purchase extensive and overlapping tracts of land between 1847 and 1860 to ensure that all Māori (Māori people) stakeholders were compensated (however, promised reserves and other conditions of the deals were often ignored by the Crown). This opened up almost the entire South Island to settlement, allowing it to become the ‘mainland’ of New Zealand’s settler population for much of the rest of the nineteenth century.