Political map of East Asia and the Western Pacific 28 March 1959 (China under Mao): Following the end of the Korean War in 1953 and France's Indochina War (First Indochina War) in 1954, China began to move away from its dependence on the Soviet Union. From 1958-61, Mao Zedong attempted to rapidly modernize China with the Great Leap Forward (Great Leap Forward), only to trigger famines which killed tens of millions of people (Great Chinese Famine). At the same time, Tibet unsuccessfully attempted to throw off Chinese rule (1959 Tibetan uprising), forcing its leader, the Dalai Lama (14th Dalai Lama), to take sanctuary in India.