Political map of East Asia and the Western Pacific 4 August 1947 (Indonesian War of Independence): Indonesian nationalists had proclaimed independence (Proclamation of Indonesian Independence) two days after the Japanese surrender, beginning a war to liberate the East Indies from Dutch colonial rule (Indonesian National Revolution). The Netherlands, only recently freed from German occupation (Netherlands in World War II), took over a year to send troops south in an attempt to crush the revolution (Operation Product). However, with the US granting independence to the Philippines (1946) (Treaty of Manila (1946)) and the British to India (1947) (Partition of India), the colonial era in Asia was coming to an end and Dutch actions were internationally condemned.