Political map of East Asia and the Western Pacific 22 April 1898 (Far Eastern Crisis): When the Japanese defeated China in 1895 (First Sino-Japanese War), France, Germany, and Russia quickly pressured them to abandon most of their gains (Triple Intervention). Those three powers then pushed for their own concessions from China, with the Russians obtaining Chinese Eastern Railway rights and Port Arthur (Port Arthur naval base), the Germans Kiautschou Bay (Kiautschou Bay concession), and the French Kwangchowan. The British, caught off guard, grabbed Weihaiwei (Weihaiwei under British rule) when the Japanese pulled out in May 1898. For a time, it looked as though the Chinese Empire would be partitioned among the Great Powers.