Political map of East Asia and the Western Pacific 17 April 1895 (Treaty of Shimonoseki): After defeating the Chinese in Korea in 1894, Japanese forces invaded China itself, occupying the  Liaodong Peninsula (Battle of Lushunkou) and destroying the Chinese fleet in the battles of the Yalu River (Battle of the Yalu River (1894)) and Weihaiwei (Battle of Weihaiwei). With the loss of its navy, China sued for peace. At the Treaty of Shimonoseki, Japan was granted control of the Liaodong Peninsula and the island of Taiwan.