In Omniatlas, a political entity is considered to be fully independent if it is self-governing, manages its own foreign relations, has complete rule over a territory, and is not under the authority of an outside power. If it fails in one of these points, it is considered to be under the influence of another power. If it fails in two or more, it is considered to be under another power's control.
These four signs are based on the classical definition of a sovereign state, except that a sovereign state must have a permanent population and defined borders. By eliminating these last two conditions, we allow for a definition of sovereignty which covers not just states but factions, tribes, insurgents, and other independent political organizations.
Who is the government?
If representatives of an outside power occupy the highest levels of political power, a polity is considered to lack self-government.
A polity is self-governing if both of the following apply:
- its representative is head of government
- its representatives make up a majority of the members of the government
Who signs treaties? Who determines war and peace?
If an outside power conducts or supervises its foreign relations, a polity is considered to lack control over its foreign relations.
A polity has control over its foreign relations if both of the following apply:
- it can sign treaties with nation states without being supervised by another polity
- another nation cannot declare war on its behalf
Who are the police?
If an outside power handles law enforcement, a polity is considered to lack territorial control.
A polity has territorial control if all of the following apply:
- it commands its internal security and law enforcement
- it commands its armed forces
- its armed forces are superior to any foreign military presence in the country (NB: if the foreign military are superior in the center of government, the polity has effectively lost general territorial control; if the foreign military are superior elsewhere, the polity has only lost local territorial control)