South America 1864
Outbreak of the Paraguayan War
In 1864 Brazil intervened in Uruguay in support of the liberal Colorado Party, prompting Uruguay's governing Blanco Party to ...
South America 1865
When its war with Brazil began in December 1864, Paraguay swiftly overran southern Mato Grosso. However, to reach its Uruguayan ...
South America 1866
Chincha Islands War
In 1864 Spain occupied Peru's Chincha Islands following a diplomatic dispute between the two countries. Spain's increased presence ...
South America 1867
Invasion of Paraguay
In early 1866 the Triple Alliance of Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay defeated the last Paraguayan forces in Argentina, successfully crossing ...
South America 1869
Fall of Asunción
In late 1867 Brazilian and Argentine forces converged on the Paraguayan Fortress of Humaitá, capturing it in July the following ...
South America 1870
Victory of the Triple Alliance
After the Brazilian capture of Asunción in 1869, Paraguayan President Solano López fled to the interior where he fought on ...
South America 1894
Brazilian Naval Rebellion
The overthrow of the Empire of Brazil in 1889 led to instability as the newly declared republic tried to find ...
World War II and the Fall of France
In September 1939 a resurgent Germany invaded Poland, triggering war with Britain and France. Australia and New Zealand immediately joined ...
South America 1941
In July 1941, while the eyes of the world were focused on Hitler's invasion of Russia, the long-standing border ...
North America 1944
America in World War II
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States, bringing its U-boat campaign to the ...
South America 1945
South America in World War II
Brazil was the only South American country to send troops abroad during World War II and, despite US pressure, only ...
South America 1948
Following the end of World War II, suspicion and hostility grew between the United States and the Soviet Union. In ...
North America 1949
North Atlantic Treaty
World War II left the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant powers in Europe. Relations between the ...
South America 1962
Cold War reaches Latin America
Less than a month after the signing of the Rio Pact in 1948 - and while the Organization of American States ...
South America 1970
Exporting the Revolution
The success of the Cuban Revolution inspired revolts and left-wing insurgencies across the Americas. However, most of these movements lacked ...
South America 1979
In response to the guerrilla movements of the 1960s and 1970s, the right-wing governments of southern South America organized Operation ...
South America 2012
The US victory in the Cold War encouraged Latin American states to adopt neoliberalism; a course which led to economic ...