Federation of Australia
The late nineteenth century saw an increasing call for federation among the Australian colonies. On 1 January 1901 they united ...
Outbreak of the Great War
Although Australia and New Zealand were self-governing democracies, they were still part of the British Empire and tied to Britain ...
Conquest of the German Pacific
The Great War opened in the Pacific with a string of easy victories for the New Zealanders and Australians as ...
East Asia 1914
Conquest of the German Pacific
When World War I broke out in Europe, the Anglo-Japanese Alliance meant that Japan sided with the British against Germany ...
Southern Asia 1916
Pacification of South Persia
Back in Persia, the Ottomans had rolled back the Russian offensive and taken Hamadan. However the British were finally prepared ...
Southern Asia 1917
The securing of South Persia allowed the British to return their focus to Mesopotamia. In early 1917 they recaptured Kut ...
Treaty of Versailles
Australians and New Zealanders fought together as the ANZACs against Turkey at Gallipoli. After this campaign failed, many were deployed ...
the Arctic 1920
Far Eastern Republic
The Great War ended in November 1918 with an armistice with Germany, encouraging most of the Allies to also end ...
League of Nations Mandates
With the signing of Versailles (1919), Australia and New Zealand became founding members of the League of Nations. The next ...
Statute of Westminster
Over the course of the 1920s, Britain moved to give all its Dominions greater independence, culminating in 1931 when it ...
the Arctic 1932
Erik the Red's Land
In return for Denmark abandoning any claims on Svalbard, Norway had agreed to recognize Danish sovereignty over Greenland. However, northeast ...
Hitler Gains Power
The Great Depression that started in 1929, resulted in massive world-wide unemployment. Germany was especially hard hit, with 6 million ...
North America 1934
The Great Depression hit the United States hard, with a nearly 45% drop in industrial production and widespread unemployment peaking ...
World War II and the Fall of France
In September 1939 a resurgent Germany invaded Poland, triggering war with Britain and France. Australia and New Zealand immediately joined ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1941
East African Campaign
By 1941, Italy's attempt to build an empire in the Mediterranean had turned into a fiasco, further isolating Italian ...
South America 1941
In July 1941, while the eyes of the world were focused on Hitler's invasion of Russia, the long-standing border ...
Aftermath of Stalingrad
By February it was all over for the Sixth Army at Stalingrad as the Soviet offensive gathered momentum along much ...
East Asia 1945
Occupation of Japan
US forces arrived in Tokyo in late August to accept the formal Japanese surrender and begin the occupation of Japan ...
East Asia 1946
During the war in China, the Communists had gradually built up power in the rural areas behind Japanese lines. When ...
Indonesian War of Independence
Just days after the Japanese surrender, Indonesian nationalists proclaimed independence, beginning a war to liberate the East Indies from Dutch ...