Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945, ending the War in the Pacific. However it would take months for the Allies ...
Indonesian War of Independence
Just days after the Japanese surrender, Indonesian nationalists proclaimed independence, beginning a war to liberate the East Indies from Dutch ...
United States of Indonesia
Dutch efforts to reconquer Indonesia brought condemnation by the United Nations. Backing down, the Netherlands accepted the independence of the ...
By August 1950, the nationalists were in control of Indonesia, replacing the United States of Indonesia with a unified Republic ...
West New Guinea dispute
When the Netherlands recognized Indonesian independence, it retained western New Guinea on the grounds that its West Papuan inhabitants did ...
Independence for the Pacific Islands
The 1960s saw the beginning of the withdrawal of the colonial powers from the Pacific Islands. In 1962, New Zealand ...
Indonesian invasion of East Timor
In 1974 Portugal's staunchly colonialist dictatorship was overthrown, encouraging the Portuguese colony on Timor to declare independence as East ...
Breaking with Britain
As late as 1941, British dominance in Australasia and the South Pacific was unchallenged. By the 1970s this era was ...
Policing the Southwest Pacific
The numerous island groups which had gained independence since the 1960s were not equally stable. After the withdrawal of Britain ...