North America 1832
Trail of Tears
In 1830, there were still five large American Indian groups living as semi-independent nations east of the Mississippi: the Cherokee ...
North America 1835
Second Seminole War
The Seminole of Florida were the most independent of the Indian peoples marked for relocation to the west, having been ...
North America 1861
Confederate States of America
The secession of South Carolina prompted the other Deep South states to follow suit and by early February six more ...
North America 1862
Capture of New Orleans
Union successes in Tennessee forced the Confederates to send troops and materiel north up the Mississippi River, stripping their defenses ...
North America 1863
Vicksburg and Gettysburg
After a stunning victory at Chancellorsville, Lee's Army of Northern Virginia struck north into Pennsylvania only to be decisively ...
North America 1864
Sherman's March to the Sea
In 1864, the Union armies were placed under the command of Ulysses S. Grant, hero of Vicksburg. Grant attacked the ...
North America 1866
Red Cloud's War
Following the Civil War, the US government moved to confine the Indians of the west to reservations, buying up their ...