Cold War Rivalry in the Middle East
In 1967, Israel conquered large swathes of Arab territory, which Soviet-supported Egypt and Syria attempted to retake in 1973. When ...
the Arctic 1977
In 1949, the Soviet Union tested its first nuclear device, leading to an arms and technology race with the US ...
South America 1979
In response to the guerrilla movements of the 1960s and 1970s, the right-wing governments of southern South America organized Operation ...
Mao Zedong's death in 1976 led to a two-year power struggle for leadership of China. Meanwhile, Soviet-allied North ...
East Asia 1979
The Khmer Rouge's brutal rule in Cambodia led to millions of deaths, while its growing antagonism with its former ...
North America 1979
Decolonization in the Caribbean
In the 1960s and '70s, the British withdrew from most of their remaining colonies in the Americas. A brief attempt ...
South America 1982
In 1982, partially to mobilize patriotic support in the face of its dwindling popularity, Argentina's military junta invaded the ...
To defuse tensions in the Middle East, the US encouraged a permanent peace settlement between Egypt and Israel. However, while ...
North America 1983
Central American Crisis
In 1979, left-wing Sandinista forces [[WNicaraguan_Revolution|overthrew the government in Nicaragua]], with a similar revolution threatening to topple the junta ...
Soviet War in Afghanistan
In 1979, the Soviet Union intervened in Afghanistan to support its new communist government against Islamist rebels. The result was ...
Breaking with Britain
As late as 1941, British dominance in Australasia and the South Pacific was unchallenged. By the 1970s this era was ...
East Asia 1989
End of the Cold War
Despite the communist gains, the 1970s was an era of unprecedented economic growth for the capitalist nations of East Asia ...
Fall of the Berlin Wall
By the 1980s, the Eastern Bloc had begun to fall dangerously behind the West both economically and technologically. To address ...
North America 1989
End of the Cold War
The US funded the Nicaraguan Contras partly through secret arms sales to embargoed Iran, causing a political scandal when uncovered ...
By the late 1980s, the Soviet Union was surrounded by hostile states, while having to cope with economic woes, discontent ...
South America 1990
US Invasion of Panama
As the Cold War came to a close in 1989, Soviet and Cuban support for Communist guerrilla movements in Latin ...
When Papua New Guinea (PNG) gained independence from Australia in 1975, the island of Bougainville - geographically part of the Solomons ...
Reunification of Germany
Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria threw off Communist rule shortly after East Germany, marking the effective end of the Cold War ...
End of the Warsaw Pact
The collapse of communism in eastern Europe weakened the Warsaw Pact, which had mostly functioned as a tool for maintaining ...
The first challenge to the post-Cold War order came in August 1990, when Saddam Hussein's Iraq invaded and annexed ...