North America 1832
Trail of Tears
In 1830, there were still five large American Indian groups living as semi-independent nations east of the Mississippi: the Cherokee ...
North America 1835
Second Seminole War
The Seminole of Florida were the most independent of the Indian peoples marked for relocation to the west, having been ...
North America 1836
By the 1830s the Mexican border region of Texas had become dominated by settlers from the neighboring US. When, in ...
North America 1838
Fragmentation of Central America
A united Central America had broken away from Mexico in 1823, but remained unstable. In 1837, revolution erupted in Guatemala ...
North America 1857
For many US citizens, the Mexican-American War had demonstrated that conquering Latin America was both easy and the natural destiny ...
North America 1866
French withdrawal from Mexico
The defeat of the Confederacy allowed the United States to pressure the French to end their intervention in Mexico. Napoleon ...
North America 1890
Wounded Knee Massacre
By 1890, American Indian resistance in the western United States had been crushed and settlers and railways had closed the ...
North America 1907
Great White Fleet
In 1902-03, Britain, Germany and Italy had blockaded Venezuela when it refused to repay its foreign debts. In response, US ...