North America 1959
In 1952, Colonel Fulgencio Batista seized power in Cuba, ending elections and aligning with wealthy landowners and foreign investors. Batista ...
East Asia 1959
China under Mao
Following the end of the Korean War in 1953 and France's Indochina War in 1954, China began to move ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1960
Year of Africa begins
The harsh French response to Guinea's 1958 declaration of independence only fueled pro-independence sentiment in the other French colonies ...
Sub-Saharan Africa 1960
French Withdrawal from West Africa
Having accepted the end of its colonial empire, France granted independence to its remaining West African colonies between April and ...
North America 1962
Cuban Missile Crisis
US-Cuban relations quickly deteriorated as Castro's new regime cracked down on the influence of foreign businesses and supported revolution ...
South America 1962
Cold War reaches Latin America
Less than a month after the signing of the Rio Pact in 1948 - and while the Organization of American States ...
The coming of the 1960s saw the Cold War heating up, fueled by advances in missile technology. In 1961, another ...
Height of the Cold War
Although the Warsaw Pact was officially a defensive alliance, attempts to break with the Pact were crushed in Hungary (1956 ...
East Asia 1963
Formation of Malaysia
In 1961, Indonesia attacked Dutch New Guinea. The dispute was resolved by the United Nations, which transferred the territory to ...
North America 1966
Operation Power Pack
Castro's success in Cuba helped inspire further revolts across Latin America. In April 1965, the Dominican Revolutionary Party overthrew ...
South America 1970
Exporting the Revolution
The success of the Cuban Revolution inspired revolts and left-wing insurgencies across the Americas. However, most of these movements lacked ...
Independence for the Pacific Islands
The 1960s saw the beginning of the withdrawal of the colonial powers from the Pacific Islands. In 1962, New Zealand ...
North America 1974
Outside the Americas, the US had been fighting communism in Vietnam since the early 1960s. Meanwhile American society was being ...
Cold War Rivalry in the Middle East
In 1967, Israel conquered large swathes of Arab territory, which Soviet-supported Egypt and Syria attempted to retake in 1973. When ...
South America 1979
In response to the guerrilla movements of the 1960s and 1970s, the right-wing governments of southern South America organized Operation ...
East Asia 1979
The Khmer Rouge's brutal rule in Cambodia led to millions of deaths, while its growing antagonism with its former ...
North America 1979
Decolonization in the Caribbean
In the 1960s and '70s, the British withdrew from most of their remaining colonies in the Americas. A brief attempt ...
South America 1982
In 1982, partially to mobilize patriotic support in the face of its dwindling popularity, Argentina's military junta invaded the ...
North America 1983
Central American Crisis
In 1979, left-wing Sandinista forces [[WNicaraguan_Revolution|overthrew the government in Nicaragua]], with a similar revolution threatening to topple the junta ...
Breaking with Britain
As late as 1941, British dominance in Australasia and the South Pacific was unchallenged. By the 1970s this era was ...