the Arctic 1825
Britain and the United States followed their 1818 treaty by defining their boundaries with Spain and Russia. The Spanish, with ...
North America 1832
Trail of Tears
In 1830, there were still five large American Indian groups living as semi-independent nations east of the Mississippi: the Cherokee ...
North America 1835
Second Seminole War
The Seminole of Florida were the most independent of the Indian peoples marked for relocation to the west, having been ...
North America 1842
Conflict with the Comanche did not stop Texas from pursuing its vast territorial claims against Mexico. In 1841 the Texians ...
North America 1845
Annexation of Texas
An even bigger flashpoint than Oregon was Texas, which wanted to join the US despite Mexican warnings that doing so ...
North America 1857
For many US citizens, the Mexican-American War had demonstrated that conquering Latin America was both easy and the natural destiny ...
North America 1861
Confederate States of America
The secession of South Carolina prompted the other Deep South states to follow suit and by early February six more ...
North America 1866
Red Cloud's War
Following the Civil War, the US government moved to confine the Indians of the west to reservations, buying up their ...