South America 1880
War of the Pacific
In February 1879 Chile had seized Antofagasta following a dispute with Bolivia. Peru sided with Bolivia, only to be defeated ...
South America 1887
When gold was discovered in the Guianas in the early 1880s, thousands of prospectors flocked to the region. Taking advantage ...
South America 1889
Proclamation of the Republic of Brazil
On 15 November 1889, rebelling troops under Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca seized control of the government in Rio de Janeiro ...
South America 1891
Chilean Civil War
Political disputes between the President of Chile and his Congress erupted into civil war in 1891, with the Chilean Army ...
South America 1894
Brazilian Naval Rebellion
The overthrow of the Empire of Brazil in 1889, led to instability as the newly declared republic tried to find ...
South America 1895
Venezuela and Nicaragua Crises
In 1894, Nicaragua annexed the Mosquito Reserve, violating a previous treaty with Great Britain. In response, the British occupied Corinto ...
South America 1899
Republic of Acre
During the 1890s, thousands of Brazilian workers traveled up the Amazon to the Bolivian-claimed region of Acre in search of ...
South America 1900
Thousand Days' War
Long unstable, Colombia collapsed into civil war in 1899, when the Liberal Party revolted against the ruling Conservative Party's ...
South America 1903
Second Venezuela Crisis
Following Venezuela's refusal to pay its foreign debts, Britain, Germany, and Italy blockaded the country in late 1902, seizing ...
South America 1903
In 1902, the United States purchased the remnants of the failed French attempt to build a canal through Panama, then ...
South America 1908
Rio Branco's Treaties
The scramble for resources, especially rubber, in the South American interior in the late 19th and early 20th centuries saw ...
South America 1914
Opening of the Panama Canal
After ten years construction, the Panama Canal was opened in 1914, connecting the Atlantic to the Pacific via the Caribbean ...
South America 1918
South America in the Great War
When World War I broke out in Europe, the German East Asia Squadron attempted to reach the Atlantic via the ...
South America 1922
In 1922, Colombia and Peru signed the Salomón–Lozano Treaty to resolve their long-standing border dispute. However, Peru - which had ...
South America 1930
Already unstable, South America was hit hard by the Great Depression, with the global demand for the raw materials that ...
South America 1933
Bolivia and Paraguay were both left land-locked by the 19th century's wars in South America. Having lost substantial territory ...
South America 1939
Declaration of Panama
In 1939, World War II broke out in Europe. In response, the United States and the other neutral nations of ...
South America 1942
Brazil enters World War II
On 7 December 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, bringing the United States into World War II. Brazil almost immediately began ...
North America 1944
America in World War II
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Germany declared war on the United States, bringing its U-boat campaign to the ...
South America 1945
South America in World War II
Brazil was the only South American country to send troops abroad during World War II and, despite US pressure, only ...