South America 1864
Outbreak of the Paraguayan War
In 1864 Brazil intervened in Uruguay in support of the liberal Colorado Party, prompting Uruguay's governing Blanco Party to ...
South America 1865
When its war with Brazil began in December 1864, Paraguay swiftly overran southern Mato Grosso. However, to reach its Uruguayan ...
South America 1866
Chincha Islands War
In 1864 Spain occupied Peru's Chincha Islands following a diplomatic dispute between the two countries. Spain's increased presence ...
South America 1867
Invasion of Paraguay
In early 1866 the Triple Alliance of Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay defeated the last Paraguayan forces in Argentina, successfully crossing ...
South America 1869
Fall of Asunción
In late 1867 Brazilian and Argentine forces converged on the Paraguayan Fortress of Humaitá, capturing it in July the following ...
South America 1870
Victory of the Triple Alliance
After the Brazilian capture of Asunción in 1869, Paraguayan President Solano López fled to the interior where he fought on ...
South America 1874
Argentine Civil Wars
The reunification of Argentina in 1861 did not bring stability to the country, which continued to suffer from military coups ...
South America 1876
Truncation of Paraguay
Following its defeat by Brazil and Argentina in 1870, Paraguay remained under foreign occupation for over 6 years. The victorious ...
South America 1880
War of the Pacific
In February 1879 Chile had seized Antofagasta following a dispute with Bolivia. Peru sided with Bolivia, only to be defeated ...
South America 1887
When gold was discovered in the Guianas in the early 1880s, thousands of prospectors flocked to the region. Taking advantage ...
South America 1889
Proclamation of the Republic of Brazil
On 15 November 1889, rebelling troops under Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca seized control of the government in Rio de Janeiro ...
South America 1891
Second Chilean Civil War
Political disputes between the President of Chile and his Congress erupted into civil war in 1891, with the Chilean Army ...
South America 1894
Brazilian Naval Rebellion
The overthrow of the Empire of Brazil in 1889 led to instability as the newly declared republic tried to find ...
South America 1895
Venezuela and Nicaragua Crises
In 1894, Nicaragua annexed the Mosquito Reserve, violating a previous treaty with Great Britain. In response, the British occupied Corinto ...
South America 1899
Republic of Acre
During the 1890s, thousands of Brazilian workers traveled up the Amazon to the Bolivian-claimed region of Acre in search of ...
South America 1900
Thousand Days' War
Long unstable, Colombia collapsed into civil war in 1899, when the Liberal Party revolted against the ruling Conservative Party's ...
South America 1903
Second Venezuela Crisis
Following Venezuela's refusal to pay its foreign debts, Britain, Germany, and Italy blockaded the country in late 1902, seizing ...
South America 1903
In 1902, the United States purchased the remnants of the failed French attempt to build a canal through Panama, then ...
South America 1908
Rio Branco's Treaties
The scramble for resources, especially rubber, in the South American interior in the late 19th and early 20th centuries saw ...
South America 1914
Opening of the Panama Canal
After ten years construction, the Panama Canal was opened in 1914, connecting the Atlantic to the Pacific via the Caribbean ...