Political map of Sub-Saharan Africa on 20 Jul 1922 (Africa between the World Wars: League of Nations Mandates), showing the following events: South West Africa Mandate; Egyptian Independence; Togoland Mandates; Cameroons Mandates; Ruanda-Urundi Mandate; Tanganyika Mandate.

League of Nations Mandates

Africa between the World Wars

Sub-Saharan Africa 1922.072

League of Nations Mandates

League of Nations Africa, Second Italo-Ethiopian War (20 July 1922)

Historical Map of Sub-Saharan Africa

Following the Treaty of Versailles the newly-formed League of Nations granted the victorious Allies mandates over the colonies they had conquered from the Germans. South West Africa was designated a Class C Mandate—to be administered as an integral territory—and assigned to South Africa in December 1920. The other former German territories in Africa were designated as Class B Mandates—to be administered with regard to local culture and religion—and assigned to Britain, France, and Belgium in July 1922.

Main Events

South West Africa Mandate

The League of Nations declared the former German colony of South West Africa as a Class C Mandate, granting the Union of South Africa responsibility for its administration.

Egyptian Independence

The government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland issued the Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence, ending its protectorate over Egypt and granting the country nominal independence with the exception of four "reserved" areas: foreign relations, communications, the military, and the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.

Togoland Mandates

The League of Nations declared the former German protectorate of Togoland as a Class B Mandate. The administration of the territory was divided between Britain and France, forming British Togoland in the west and the larger French Territory of Togo in the east.

Cameroons Mandates

The League of Nations declared the former German colony of Kamerun as a Class B Mandate. The administration of the territory was divided between Britain and France, in the process creating British Cameroons in the northwest and much larger French Cameroun in the southeast.

Ruanda-Urundi Mandate

The League of Nations confirmed the separation of Ruanda-Urundi from German East Africa, declaring the territory as a Class B Mandate and granting Belgium responsibility for its administration.

Tanganyika Mandate

The League of Nations declared the bulk of former German East Africa as the Class B Mandate of Tanganyika, granting Britain responsibility for its administration. Some relatively small parts of German East Africa had already been assigned to Belgium (Ruanda and Urundi) and Portugal (the Kionga Triangle).

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