Soviet Attack on Japan

The Great Patriotic War: Germany at Bay

Russia 1945.0815

Soviet Attack on Japan

World War II: The Eastern Front from Stalingrad to the fall of Berlin (15 August 1945)

Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union

Stalin had promised the Allies that he would attack Japan three months after Germany had been defeated. On August 9, he declared war as agreed, invading Manchuria, northern Korea, southern Sakhalin, and the Kurile Islands. In the same week, the Americans dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Faced with certain destruction, the Japanese surrendered on August 15.

Main Events

Allied Control Commission assumes control throughout Germany, which is divided into four occupation zones

Atomic bombing of Hiroshima

After being briefed in Operations Order No. 35 - the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan - the Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber Enola Gay, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, departs from the US-occupied island of Tinian at 02:45 on 6 August 1945. Having reached Hiroshima, they release the Little Boy atomic bomb at 08:15 from a height of 9,400 m, making it to 18.5 km away before they feel the shock waves of the blast. The explosion and resultant firestorm kill some 70,000-80,000 people in the city, with another 70,000 injured and more later dying from the after-effects.

Soviet invasion of Manchuria

Soviet Union invades Manchukuo

Soviet invasion of southern Sakhalin

Soviet Union invades Japanese prefecture of Karafuto (southern Sakhalin)

Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance

Nationalist China recognizes independence of Mongolia

Jewel Voice Broadcast

Japanese Emperor Hirohito reads out the Imperial Rescript on the Termination of the War in a radio broadcast, announcing to the people of Japan that their government has accepted the Potsdam Declaration and agreed to unconditional surrender. The speech is the first time the Emperor has spoken to the common people.

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