The Great Patriotic War: Germany Invades
World War II: The Eastern Front from Operation Barbarossa to Stalingrad (22 October 1942)
Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union
On June 28, Germany launched its great offensive of 1942: Case Blue, an attack across southern Russia to seize the crucial Baku oil fields in Soviet Azerbaijan. However, by October, the German advance had stalled. The focus now shifted to securing control of the flanking city of Stalingrad.
Battle of Midway
In an attempt to lure the US Pacific Fleet's few remaining aircraft carriers into a trap, the Imperial Japanese Navy launches an offensive against Midway Atoll. However, warned of Japanese plans by its codebreakers, the US is prepared for the attack and successfully ambushes the Japanese force, sinking all four of its major aircraft carriers - Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu - and a heavy cruiser for the loss of just the carrier Yorktown and a destroyer.
The Germans begin Case Blue, their great Summer Offensive of 1942, by advancing on Voronezh and Rostov, along the Don River in Soviet Russia. After securing the lower Don in July, they sweep across southern Russia, moving on Stalingrad and the Volga in the north and the oilfields of the Caucasus in the south. However by late August they have lost their momentum, facing difficulties across the front - especially in their attempt to capture Stalingrad.
Sevastopol surrenders to Germany
Battle of Stalingrad begins
End of Soviet influence in Xinjiang
Believing that Germany is about to defeat the Soviet Union, Sheng Shicai, the warlord of Xinjiang, expels his Soviet advisors. On 5 October 1942 Xinjiang is officially reincorporated into the Nationalist Chinese fold following negotiations that began in March.