Communist Tuva and Mongolia

The Russian Civil War: The Green Phase

Russia 1922.0109

Communist Tuva and Mongolia

The Russian Civil War: The Bolsheviks against the Green Movement, Anarchists, and Japanese intervention (9 January 1922)

Historical Map of Russia & the former Soviet Union

With the assistance of Mongolian revolutionaries, Soviet forces expelled von Sternberg, leading to the creation of communist regimes in Tuva and Mongolia (although Mongolia retained its Khan until his death in 1924). These would prove to be the only two successful attempts to export the Communist Revolution before World War II.

Main Events

Forest partisans appear on Finnish border in Soviet Karelia

Soviets take Urga, Mongolia, from Ungern von Sternberg.

Yakut revolt breaks out

People's Republic of Tuva established

End of the Persian Socialist Soviet Republic

Soviet forces withdraw from the Persian Socialist Soviet Republic in Gilan, allowing the Persian army of Reza Khan to occupy Rasht and crush Mirza Kuchik Khan's independence movement. Mirza flees to the Khalkhal Mountains, where he dies of frostbite in early December.

Vilhjalmur Stefansson claims Wrangel Island for Canada

Bochkaryov takes Petropavlovsk, Kamchatka

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