New World Order
North America 1994.1015
New World Order
America in World War II, the Cold War and today (15 October 1994)
Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean
In 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait - the first major crisis of the post-Cold War world. Under US leadership, a global coalition which included members of the former Communist Bloc defeated the Iraqis, but the brief period of US-Soviet cooperation ended when the Soviet Union collapsed, leaving the United States as the world's sole remaining superpower.
Contra War ends
United States lifts embargo against Nicaragua, ending any remaining support for Contras, following defeat of Sandinista National Liberation Front in free elections in February
Operation Desert Storm
Coalition forces led by the United States of America conduct a five-week aerial and naval bombardment of both Iraq and Iraqi-occupied Kuwait. On 24 February, a ground assault is launched from Saudi Arabia. In a one hundred-hour land campaign, the coalition defeats the Iraqi military, liberates Kuwait, and occupies much of southern Iraq.
Dissolution of the Soviet Union
On the morning of 25 December 1991, in a nationally televised speech, Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as president of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, declaring the office extinct and ceding all its powers to Russian president Boris Yeltsin. At 7:32 pm that night, the Soviet flag was lowered for the last time in Moscow and the Russian tricolor raised in its place, symbolically marking the end to the Soviet Union and the independence of the eleven remaining Soviet republics.
Chapultepec Peace Accords
In United Nations-backed peace process, Chapultepec Peace Accords are signed in Chapultepec Castle, Mexico City, between Salvadoran government, FMLN, and political parties, resulting in nine-month cease-fire in El Salvador and effective end of civil war
Guatemalan Civil War ends
Under populist presidencies of Ramiro de Leon and Alvaro Arzu, Guatemalan government cracks down on corruption and human rights abuses, concluding peace negotiations with URNG and ending Civil War
North American Free Trade Agreement comes into force in Canada, Mexico, and United States
Zapatista Army of National Liberation leads insurgence in Chiapas against Mexican government, demanding rights in wake of NAFTA, but after 12 days a ceasefire is declared
US occupation of Haiti
In Operation Uphold Democracy, United Nations-backed United States forces persuade junta in Haiti to step down and accept US-led occupation of Haiti until democratic rule is restored