Treaty of Versailles

American Empire

North America 1919.0628

Treaty of Versailles

The Spanish-American War, the Banana Wars, the Mexican Revolution, World War I and the Great Depression (28 June 1919)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

US involvement helped the Allies win the Great War in 1918. The next year, Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles, acknowledging its guilt in starting the War. Among the Allied signatories was Canada, from now on effectively independent of Britain. The US senate, on the other hand, refused to either ratify the Treaty or help guarantee the peace under the newly formed League of Nations, despite President Woodrow Wilson's pivotal role in its construction, marking the beginning of two decades of American isolationism.

Main Events

First US troops depart for Europe

First units of United States First Expeditionary Division sail from New York City and Hoboken for France

US intervenes in Cuba

In the "Sugar Intervention", United States marines occupy Oriente province, Cuba, at the formal request of Cuban government to secure sugar plantations

October Revolution

On October 25 (Old Style), Bolshevik Red Guards, led by Leon Trotsky, mounted an armed insurrection in Petrograd, capital of the Russian Republic, capturing several government buildings. The following day, they seized the Winter Palace, the seat of Alexander Kerensky's Provisional Government. The Bolsheviks declared a new government, the Council of People's Commissars, with Vladimir Lenin as its head. Simultaneously and over the following days, other Bolshevik uprisings took place in towns and cities across Russia.

US troops arrive in Siberia

First troops of American Expeditionary Force Siberia arrive in Vladivostok

Armistice of Compiègne

At 5am Paris time, Germany signed an armistice with the Allies in railway carriage No. 2419 D at Compiègne, France, to end its involvement in World War I. The armistice went into effect at 11am and, although not a formal surrender, demanded that the Germans withdraw their troops to behind their own borders, renounce the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, release all prisoners, promise to pay reparations, and surrender their fleet and materials.

Treaty of Versailles

Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles, officially ending its state of war with the Allied Powers. The treaty required Germany to accept War Guilt, disarm, cede 65,000 square km of territory containing 7 million people to its neighbors, and pay considerable reparations (assessed to be 132 billion Marks in 1921).

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