Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 12 Jun 1864 (American Civil War: Second Mexican Empire), showing the following events: All Union armies placed under Grant; Maximilian accepts Mexican throne; Grant's Overland Campaign; Sherman's drive on Atlanta; Montana Territory created; Maximilian enters Mexico City.

Second Mexican Empire

American Civil War

North America 1864.0612

Second Mexican Empire

American Civil War, French intervention in Mexico, Dominican Restoration War (12 June 1864)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

Despite fierce opposition, France took Mexico City in 1863, backing the creation of a new Mexican Empire. Napoleon III's pick for Emperor was Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria, who accepted the crown and arrived in Mexico the following year.

Main Events

All Union armies placed under Grant

United States President Abraham Lincoln makes Ulysses S. Grant commander of all Union armies

Maximilian accepts Mexican throne

Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian accepts throne of Emperor of Mexico

Grant's Overland Campaign

Union forces under Ulysses S. Grant steadily march towards Richmond despite multiple setbacks at hands of Confederates under Robert E. Lee

Sherman's drive on Atlanta

Union forces under General Sherman march from Chattanooga, Tennessee, through Confederate-held territory to Atlanta, Georgia

Montana Territory created

United States splits Montana Territory from Idaho Territory, also transferring land to Dakota Territory

Maximilian enters Mexico City

Maximilian I arrives in Mexico City to take up his reign as Emperor of Mexico

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