Compromise of 1850
North America 1850.0909
Compromise of 1850
Mexican-American War, Oregon dispute (9 September 1850)
Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean
With its population booming, California wanted to join the Union as a free state - naturally antagonizing the slave states. After lengthy debate, the Compromise of 1850 was agreed upon: California would be accepted as a free state and the newly created territories of Utah and New Mexico would be allowed to vote on the issue of slavery. Texas also agreed to abandon its substantial claims in the Mexican Cession in return for the payment of its debts.
The unorganized United States territory west of Wisconsin and north of Iowa was organized as theMinnesota Territory.
The United States of America, represented by John M. Clayton, and the United Kingdom, represented by Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer, signed a treaty agreeing that neither would obtain exclusive control of a proposed Nicaragua canal, and that both would guarantee the neutrality of the countries of Central America and any practicable communication routes passing through them.
Compromise of 1850: Utah Territory
The north-eastern portion of the Mexican Cession, United States of America, was organized as the Utah Territory.
Statehood for California
The western portion of the Mexican Cession was admitted to the United States of America as the state of California.
Compromise of 1850: Texas
The state of Texas, United States of America, accepted a payment of $10 million in bonds from the federal government in return for abandoning its claim to the eastern half of New Mexico and unorganized territory north of the 36°30' parallel north.
Compromise of 1850: New Mexico Territory
The south-eastern portion of the Mexican Cession, United States of America, was organized as the New Mexico Territory.