Texas Revolution

Successors of New Spain

North America 1836.0421

Texas Revolution

Texas Revolution, Latin American independence (21 April 1836)

Historical Map of North America & the Caribbean

By the 1830s the Mexican border region of Texas had become dominated by settlers from the neighboring US. When, in 1835, Mexican President Santa Anna revoked the 1824 Constitution, Texas went into rebellion, declaring its independence the following year. Santa Anna personally led the offensive to crush the rebels, only to be defeated and captured at San Jacinto.

Main Events

Cherokee removal

Officials of the United States government and representatives of a minority of the Cherokee sign the Treaty of New Echota in New Echota, Georgia. The treaty establishes terms under which the entire Cherokee Nation cedes its territory in Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and North Carolina and moves west to the Indian Territory. Although it is neither approved by the Cherokee National Council nor signed by Principal Chief John Ross, the treaty is ratified by the US Senate on 23 May 1836, leading to the forcible removal of the Cherokee over the following two years.

Battle of the Alamo

1,500 troops of the Mexican Republic, led by President General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, arrive outside the Alamo Mission, near San Antonio de Bexar in the secessionist region of Texas. Facing them are a garrison of some 200 Texians led by William Travis and James Bowie. After a 13-day siege, the Mexicans launch an early morning assault, killing all of the defenders but suffering over 400 casualties themselves.

Texas Declaration of Independence

Texan revolutionaries meeting at Washington-on-the-Brazos adopt the Texas Declaration of Independence - the formal declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico. The document is formally signed the following day by sixty men, of whom 57 were immigrants from the United States of America.

Goliad Massacre

Under orders from General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, President of the Mexican Republic, Lt. Colonel Jose Nicolas de la Portilla executes 342 captured soldiers of the secessionist Republic of Texas, including their commander, James Fannin. Most of these men had voted to surrender to the Mexicans a week earlier in return for leniency.

Battle of San Jacinto

The 910-man Texian Army, led by General Sam Houston engages, and defeats 1,360 Mexican troops under President General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna in an 18 minute battle. About 630 Mexicans are killed and 730 captured for just nine Texian dead. Santa Anna is captured the following day and held as a prisoner of war.

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