Reclaiming China

End of the Old Order

East Asia 1946.0327

Reclaiming China

Occupation of Japan,Indonesian independence,Vietnamese independence,Philippines independence (27 March 1946)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

During the war in China, the Communists had gradually built up power in the rural areas behind Japanese lines. When the war ended, they vied with the Nationalists to accept Japanese surrenders and gain control of strategic towns, while also infiltrating Soviet-occupied Manchuria. In response, the Nationalists made use of their US allies to airlift troops into important cities in the north.

Notes

Yangtze River

Following the end of World War II, the Yangtze River was again opened to international trade and patrolled by foreign - in particular US and British - warships. This state of affairs ended in 1949 with the Communist takeover.

Main Events

Retrocession Day

Taiwan was retroceded to China by Japan on 25 Oct 1945.

Battle of Surabaya

British forces defeated Indonesian nationalists at Surabaya, Java.

British Commonwealth Occupation Force

The British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF), consisting of Australian, British, Indian and New Zealand troops, assists the United States in the occupation of Japan. The BCOF is headquartered at Kure and is responsible for supervising demilitarization and the disposal of Japan's war industries. From 1947 on, it winds down its presence in Japan, eventually merging with the British Commonwealth Forces Korea after the Korean War breaks out.

Franco-Chinese Agreement

France ceded Kwangchowan in return for Nationalist Chinese withdrawal from Indochina.

French land at Haiphong

French troops relieved the Nationalist Chinese in northern Indochina.

Soviet Union withdraws from Manchuria

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