Bombing of Hiroshima

WWII: Victory Over Japan

East Asia 1945.0806

Bombing of Hiroshima

World War II, Pacific War, Second Sino-Japanese War (6 August 1945)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

Although Japan was now isolated and starving, with its major cities laid waste by bombers, the Japanese government still refused to consider unconditional surrender. Anticipating enormous casualties if they invaded, the US attempted to shock the Japanese into surrender by using their secret weapon - the newly invented atomic bomb. On August 6, they dropped one such bomb on Hiroshima, killing as many as 80,000 people instantly.

Main Events

Nationalist Chinese defeat Japanese in Battle of West Hunan

Australian troops land at Brunei

Australian troops land at Balikpapan, Dutch Borneo

Potsdam Declaration

United States President Harry S. Truman, United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China Chiang Kai-shek issue the Potsdam Declaration, which outlines the terms of surrender for the Empire of Japan as agreed upon at the Potsdam Conference that the Allies are currently attending in Potsdam, Allied-occupied Germany. This ultimatum states that, if Japan does not agree to unconditional surrender, it will face "prompt and utter destruction."

Atomic bombing of Hiroshima

After being briefed in Operations Order No. 35 - the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan - the Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber Enola Gay, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, departs from the US-occupied island of Tinian at 02:45 on 6 August 1945. Having reached Hiroshima, they release the Little Boy atomic bomb at 08:15 from a height of 9,400 m, making it to 18.5 km away before they feel the shock waves of the blast. The explosion and resultant firestorm kill some 70,000-80,000 people in the city, with another 70,000 injured and more later dying from the after-effects.

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