Operation Cartwheel

WWII: Victory Over Japan

East Asia 1943.1215

Operation Cartwheel

World War II, Pacific War, Second Sino-Japanese War (15 December 1943)

Historical Map of East Asia & the Western Pacific

Their successes in New Guinea and Guadalcanal encouraged the Allies to push north through the Solomons. Meanwhile a second American force under the US Navy began a thrust into the Central Pacific by landing in the Gilbert Islands.

Main Events

Battle of Attu

United States forces landed on Attu Island, Territory of Alaska, defeating the strongly entrenched Japanese occupation force over the following weeks.

New Georgia Campaign

On 21 June US marines land near Segi Point, in Japanese-occupied New Georgia, and advance inland towards Viru Harbour, where they are reinforced by more marines on 30 June. At the same time other units land on the adjacent islands of Rendova and Vanganu. Though the landings are unopposed on land, Japanese aircraft harass them in multiple naval actions and resistance in the interior is fierce. It is not until late August that New Georgia is pacified.

Evacuation of Kiska

US capture Tarawa

Battle of Arawe

As part of Operation Cartwheel, US forces land at Arawe, in Japanese-occupied southwest New Britain in the Territory of New Guinea. The landing catches the Imperial Japanese Army by surprise and the Americans quickly secure a beachhead. In response, the Japanese mount a number of air raids on the invaders, while their army launching an unsuccessful counterattack in late December. The US respond with their own offensive in mid-January 1944, after which the Japanese decide to abandon Arawe and withdraw north.

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